stone pines at the Circus Maximus

above: Overlooking
the finishing straight
at the Cirucs Maximus.

below: at the baths of

Stone pines at the baths of Caracalla

Trees of the World

Stone  Pine

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              If it were not for its churches, art galleries, palaces and ancient monuments, Rome would be famous all over the world for its trees, of which there are a vast variety. The most common one is the stone pine which can be seen practically everywhere. It is sometimes known as the Roman pine.

              It is native to the region and can be seen beside most of the ruins of ancient Rome, the coloseum, the Circus Maximus and the baths of Caracalla. However, it is unlikely that it was so common in ancient Rome, as it only became the preferred ornamental, city tree at the beginning of the eighteenth's century.

Stone pine by the Coloseum

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Trees at St Paul's, London.

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St Paul's

Tree Identification

pinus pinea:

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between 12 and 15 cm. Difficult to observe because they are high up.

stone pine needles
stone pine cone

nuts/fruit: Cones about as big as a lemon, often seen lying beside the tree in autumn.


Small cones grow at centre of needle clusters.

stone pine bark bark:
Starts grey, but gets red with age, flacky with thick ridges.
It reaches about 30 metres. The trunk is bare until the top, which is often flat. Sometimes grows at an angle.
general: A shape not really seen in Britain, but quite common on the Mediterranean basin; see also acacia, the real one, not the false acacia. Often likened to an umbrella, from the way the branches spread out at the top.

All over Rome,
beside the Coloseum,
overlooking the Circus Maximus,
at the baths of Caracalla.

Trees of London        A James Wilkinson Publication ©